Chaharshanbe Suri is one of the traditional Iranian rituals held on the night of the last Wednesday of the year. This ancient celebration, in fact a celebration of New Year’s Eve, has made its way through the dozens of festivities held every year in Iran.
Iranians welcome spring on the last Wednesday of the year by lighting the fire and jumping over it. The ancient Iranians believed that the purges and pollution of the old year should not be handed over to Nowruz, and because they did not consider water sufficient for purity, they turned to the element of fire and because they saw the fire as a manifestation of purity, they burned the firewood in order to dispose disposable supplies and disinfect their living space. With the arrival of Islam in Iran, the ceremony continued, as the fire in Islam is also a factor of purity.
Before sunset, seven parts of the fire are lit at certain distances in a single line and by jumping over them, they wish to avoid disease. One of the interesting things to note is that the name of this ancient ritual is mentioned in the Shahnameh, which is the great source of Persian traditions and lexicon.
There are many others traditions which is as follow:
In most Iranian cities, after jumping fire, the jars were broken. The purpose of breaking the old jars was to try to dispose of the past bad happening that were gathered in the jars by breaking the previous jars. This custom was held in different cities and was widely accepted by the early Pahlavi period. If you thought about it, it would make sense to do so. Since the crockeries is not covered with glaze, it quickly absorbs the contaminants, so after a while there is no way other than breaking them!
Qashoq Zani (spoon knocking)
This custom which is forgotten today, has been one of the most important traditions in the past. In this tradition, young girls and boys wore chadors (veil) over their heads to avoid recognition and go to the home of their friends and neighbors. The landlord opened the door by hearing the sound of the spoon, and in their bowl poured nuts, pastries, cookies, chocolates, and sometimes money. The tradition of scooping probably derives from the Zoroastrian belief.
In addition, throwing shawl was considered one of the more common customs on chaharshanbe suri night. Throwing shawl was an interesting tradition in which young people took sweets and food from relatives and acquaintances by throwing shawl to chimneys.